These Caterpillars are generally small and hairless. Many feed on ground litter or dead leaves. Some bear cases, some live in the soil, and some live in shelters made joining leaves together with silk.
The family XYLORYCTIDAE was considered to be a subfamily of OECOPHORIDAE by Nielsen et al., but here following the later book A Guide to Australian Moths by Zborowski & Edwards we have listed that as a separate family.
The remaining subfamilies of OECOPHORIDAE represented in Australia are
(updated 27 June 2013, 30 October 2017)