These Caterpillars are generally small and hairless. Many feed on ground litter or dead leaves. Some bear cases, some live in the soil, and some live in shelters made joining leaves together with silk.
The family XYLORYCTIDAE was considered to be a subfamily of OECOPHORIDAE by Nielsen et al., but here following the later book A Guide to Australian Moths by Zborowski & Edwards we have listed that as a separate family.
The remaining species of OECOPHORIDAE represented in Australia are here listed in the subfamilies and groups:
(updated 27 June 2013, 14 September 2018)