Elodina angulipennis (H. Lucas, 1852)
Common Pearl White
(previously known as Terias angulipennis)
PIERINAE ,   PIERIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Elodina angulipennis
early instar
(Photo: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

This Caterpillar is green with reddish-brown marks and a pale yellow dorsal line, and has a forked tail.

Elodina angulipennis
later instar
(Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

It feeds on rainforest shrubs from the family CAPPARACEAE including

  • Scrub Caper Berry ( Capparis arborea ), and
  • Dog Caper ( Capparis canescens ).

    Elodina angulipennis
    (Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

    The caterpillar grows to a length of about 2 cms. The pupa is green with a long pointed head.

    Elodina angulipennis
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    The upper surfaces of the wings of the adults are a pearly white, with big black marks around the tips of the forewings. The forewings also each have a black costa.

    Elodina angulipennis
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    Underneath, each forewing is a pearly pale yellow with a grey patch near the apex. The hind wings are white with a subterminal arc of grey spots. The butterflies have a winspan of about 4 cms.

    Elodina angulipennis
    (Photo: courtesy of Keith Heaven, taken in June 2008, Sydney)

    The eggs are spindle-shaped, and laid singly on a foodplant. Initially they are white, but develop red markings as they approach hatching.

    Elodina angulipennis
    (Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

    The species is found over the north eastern coast of Australia, including

  • Queensland, and
  • New South Wales.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp. 314-315.

    Wesley Jenkinson,
    Life History notes on the Southern Pearl-white, Elodina angulipennis (P.H. Lucas, 1852) Lepidoptera: Pieridae,
    Metamorphosis Australia,
    Issue 59 (December 2010), pp 13-16,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.

    H. Lucas,
    Description de nouvelles Espèces de Lépidoptères appartenant aux collections entomologiques du Musée de Paris,
    Revue et Magasin de Zoologie,
    Series 2, Volume 4, Part 9 (1852), pp. 431-432.


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    (updated 1 January 2012, 29 October 2013, 12 April 2015)