PIERINAE, PIERIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
The Caterpillars of this species are brown with long white hairs, and feed gregariously in a loose silken web on various Mistletoes such as :
The pupa is orange with black knobs on, and has a length of about 2.5 cms.
The upper surfaces of the wings of the adult male butterfly are yellow to orange, with a black forewing tips, and a narrow black band around the hindwing edges.
The upper surfaces of the wings of the adult female butterfly are black, with an orange basal area, and some obscure orange spots around the forewing tips.
The undersides of both sexes are dark brown. The male has a yellow mark on each forewing and a scarlet mark near the base of each hindwing. The female has arcs of yellow spots around the margin of the undersides of all four wings. Both sexes have wingspans of about 7 cms.
Various subspecies are found on
In Australia, only the sub species inferna Butler, 1871, is found, in
Further reading :
Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Dechauffour de Boisduval,
Faune Entomologique de L'Ocean Pacifique,
Voyage de Decouvertes de la Corvette l'Astrolabe,
Division 7, Part 1 : Lepidopteres (1832), p. 48, No. 4.
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp. 333-334.
Arthur G. Butler,
Descriptions and Illustrations of Exotic Lepidoptera,
London : E.W. Janson, Volume 1, Part 8 (1871), p. 63, No. 4, and also Plate 24 fig. 6.
The life history of Delias aruna inferna Butler (Lepidoptera: Pieridae: Pierinae),
Volume 35 (1997), pp. 1-3.
(updated 1 January 2012, 19 March 2015, 11 June 2020)