Delias nigrina (Fabricius, 1775)
Common Jezabel
(one synonym : Papilio lewini Thon, 1828)
PIERINAE ,   PIERIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

The eggs of this species are laid in groups on the foodplant, and are yellow and each has a height of about 0.15 cm.

Delias nigrina
Twins

The Caterpillar is dark green with two rows of yellow spots, each sprouting a white hair. The head is black. It feeds gregariously on various species of Mistletoe ( LORANTHACEAE ) including :

  • Sheoak Mistletoe ( Amyema cambagei ),
  • Erect Mistletoe ( Amyema congener ),
  • Box Mistletoe ( Amyema miquelii ),
  • Grey Mistletoe ( Amyema quandang ),
  • Curved Mistletoe ( Dendrophthoe curvata ),
  • Bald Mistletoe ( Dendrophthoe glabrescens ),
  • Long Flowered Mistletoe ( Dendrophthoe vitellina ),
  • Coast Mistletoe ( Muellerina celastroides ), and
  • Creeping Mistletoe ( Muellerina eucalyptoides ).

    The effects of temperature on the development of the caterpillar has been studied.

    Delias nigrina
    (Photo: courtesy of Chris Greenaway, Kyogle, New South Wales)

    It pupates on the foodplant or nearby. The pupae are orange with black spikes and a pair on long white horns on the head.

    Delias nigrina
    Male
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    The upper sides of the male adult butterflies are white with black tips containing white spots on the forewings, and narrow black margins around the hindwings.

    Delias nigrina
    Male, showing underside
    (Photo: by Kel Harding, courtesy of Elizabeth Harding, Maleny, Queensland)

    The females on top are grey with wide black edges, which contain white spots near the forewing tips.

    Delias nigrina
    Female
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    Underneath, both sexes are black with a yellow band on the forewing, and an irregular broken red loop around each hindwing. The adults have a wingspan of about 4 cms.

    Delias nigrina
    underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Fonzilla)

    An unusual form with yellow underneath occurs occasionally.

    The species occurs along the eastern seaboard of Australia, from

  • Queensland, through
  • New South Wales, and
  • Australian Capital Territory, to
  • Victoria.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp. 336-337.

    Johan Christian Fabricius,
    Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta,
    Volume 3, Part 1 (1793), p. 200, No. 625.

    Peter Hendry,
    A "new" host plant for the Black Jezebel (Delias nigrina) butterfly,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club,
    Newsletter Issue 48 (March 2008), pp. 15-16.

    Ross Kendall,
    A new host plant for the Black or Common Jezebel butterfly (Delias nigrina),
    Metamorphosis Australia,
    Issue 62 (September 2011), p. 26,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 224.


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    (updated 1 May 2009, 29 October 2013, 12 April 2015)