Yellow Spotted Jezebel
(one synonym : Papilio endora Donovan, 1805)
PIERINAE, PIERIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)
The Caterpillars of this species are olive-green with two rows of white spots bearing long white hairs. They feed on various Mistletoes SANTALACEAE including:
The caterpillars at first are gregarious, but later instars are solitary. The caterpillars grow to a length of about 3.5 cms.
The adults have a wingspan of about 5 cms. The upper surface of each wing of the male butterfly is white with broad black veins, especially toward the apex of each forewing.
The underside of each wing of a male is grey. The underside of the forewing also has white spots, a white hind margin, and a yellow patch at the base.
The female has black upper surfaces with a broad white area at the base of each wing, containing white spots.
The underside of the female is brownish grey. Each forewing has an arc of white spots, a white patch at the hind margin, and a yellow patch by the base. Each hindwing underneath has an arc of small orange spots.
The eggs are laid in groups of about 20 on leaves of a foodplant.
The species is found in the south-west Pacific, as subspecies caledonica Nieuwenhuis & Howarth, in
and as subspecies nysa in
and down the east coast of Australia, including
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp. 330-331.
Johan Christian Fabricius,
Historiae Natvralis Favtoribvs,
1775, p. 473, No. 128.
(updated 4 June 2010, 29 October 2013, 12 April 2015, 12 June 2020)