Cepora perimale (Donovan, 1805)
Australian Gull
PIERINAE ,   PIERIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Cepora perimale
(Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

The Caterpillar of this species is green with yellow dots and white hairs. When resting, it often lies along a midrib of a foodplant leaf. It feeds on fresh young leaves and shoots of various species of Capparis, CAPPARACEAE, including:

  • Wild Caper ( Capparis canescens ),
  • Native Orange ( Capparis mitchellii ), and
  • Wild Orange ( Capparis sepiaria ).

    Cepora perimale
    (Photo: courtesy of Trevor Jinks, North Burnett)

    The adult butterflies are white with broad black margins containing white spots. The wings tend to grey at the bases.

    Cepora perimale
    (Photo: courtesy of Trevor Jinks, North Burnett)

    The undersides have a similar pattern to the upper surfaces, except the base colour is yellow or even brown in the dry season form. The wingspan is about 4 cms.

    Cepora perimale
    (Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

    The eggs are cream coloured, and spindle shaped with ribs. They are often laid singly on young shoots of a foodplant.

    This species occurs as various races across south-east Asia and the south-west Pacific, including

  • Fiji,
  • Pakistan, and
  • Papua New Guinea.

    The subpecies scyllara (Macleay, 1826) occurs in Australia, including

  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales, and
  • Victoria.

    Cepora perimale

    (Courtesy of Kraft Australia)

    Cepora perimale
    Norfolk Island 1976


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp. 323-324.

    Wesley Jenkinson,
    Life history notes on the Caper Gull, Cepora perimale scyllara (Donovan, 1805) Lepidoptera: Pieridae,
    Metamorphosis Australia Issue 70 (September 2013), pp. 21-23,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.


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    (updated 1 January 2012, 28 January 2014)