PIERINAE, PIERIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)
The Caterpillar of this species is green with yellow dots and white hairs. When resting, it often lies along a midrib of a foodplant leaf. It feeds on fresh young leaves and shoots of various species of Capparis, CAPPARACEAE, including:
The pupa is green and angular, and attached to a twig or leaf by its cremaster and a girdle of silk.
The adult butterflies are white with broad black margins containing white spots. The wings tend to grey at the bases.
The undersides have a similar pattern to the upper surfaces, except the base colour is yellow or even brown in the dry season form. The wingspan is about 4 cms.
The eggs are cream coloured, and spindle shaped with ribs. They are often laid singly on young shoots of a foodplant.
This species occurs as various races across south-east Asia and the south-west Pacific, including
The subpecies scyllara (Macleay, 1826) occurs in Australia, including
Norfolk Island 1976
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp. 323-324.
General Illustration of Entomology,
An Epitome of the Natural History of the Insects of New Holland, New Zealand, New Guinea, Otaheite and other Islands in the Indian, Southern and Pacific Oceans,
Volume 1 (1805), p.97, and also Plate on p. 96.
Life history notes on the Caper Gull, Cepora perimale scyllara (Donovan, 1805) Lepidoptera: Pieridae,
Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club,
Issue 70 (September 2013), pp. 21-23.
Frank Jordan & Helen Schwencke,
Create More Butterflies : a guide to 48 butterflies and their host-plants
Earthling Enterprises, Brisbane, 2005, p. 9.
(updated 1 January 2012, 28 January 2014, 15 March 2015, 25 October 2017, 10 February 2018, 31 May 2020)