Grass family: POACEAE (COMMELINIDAE) in Australia
including
Agrostidaceae, Andropogonaceae, Anomochloaceae, Anthoxanthaceae, Arundinaceae, Arundinellaceae, Asperellaceae, Avenaceae, Bambusaceae, Cenchraceae, Chaeturaceae, Chloridaceae, Coleanthaceae, Cynodontaceae, Cynosuraceae, Echinariaceae, Ehrhartaceae, Eragrostidaceae, Festucaceae, Glyceriaceae, Gramineae, Hordeaceae, Lepturaceae, Miliaceae, Ophiuraceae, Oryzaceae, Panicaceae, Pappophoraceae, Parianaceae, Paspalaceae, Phalaridaceae, Pharaceae, Sporobolaceae, Stipaceae, Streptochaetaceae, Triticaceae, and Zoysiaceae

Flower
Families
Flowers in Australia
  
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
&
Christine Ashe
  
Plants in Australia Plant
Classes

Agrostis
Blown Grass
Upper Beaconsfield, Victoria
Photo: courtesy of
Laura Levens

Austrodanthonia penicillata
Slender Wallaby Grass
Morwell Park, December 2001

Avena fatua
Wild Oat
Sydney, August 2006

Bambusa longispicula
Spiky Bamboo
Sydney, August 2006

Bambusa vulgaris
Common Bamboo
Sydney, August 2006

Cortaderia jubata
Pampas Grass
Concord, March 2007

Cymbopogon species
Lemon Grass
Sydney, July 2007

Dichanthium sericeum
Silky Blue Grass
Dulkaninna Station , South Australia
Photo: courtesy of
Laura Levens

Echinopogon caespitosus
Bushy Hedgehog Grass
Wyee, August 2007

Hordeum vulgare
Barley
Sydney, December 2006

Joycea pallida
Red-anther Wallaby Grass
Upper Beaconsfield, Victoria
Photo: courtesy of
Laura Levens

Paspalum quadrifarium
Tussock Paspalum
Taree, April 2008

Pennisetum advena
Purple Fountaingrass
Sydney, December 2006

Poa tenera
Slender Tussock Grass
Morwell Park, December 1991

Saccharum officinarum
Sugar Cane
Bundaberg, October 2006

Sorghum bicolor
Sorghum
Concord, November 2006

Themeda triandra = australis
Kangaroo Grass
Upper Beaconsfield, Victoria
Photo: courtesy of
Laura Levens

Thysanolaena maxima
Tiger Grass
Wyee, November 2008

Triticum aestivum
Wheat
Wyee, May 2009

Zea mays
Sweet Corn
Sydney, August 2006

Many caterpillars of Australian Butterflies and Moths favour the plants in POACEAE for their food. Many are agricultural pests on pastures, and on crops such as cereals and sugar cane. These Lepidoptera species include:


Argynnina cyrila

Argynnina hobartia

Geitoneura acantha

Geitoneura klugii

Geitoneura minyas

Heteronympha merope

Heteronympha mirifica

Heteronympha paradelpha

Heteronympha penelope

Heteronympha solandri

Hypocysta adiante

Hypocysta angustata

Hypocysta euphemia

Hypocysta irius

Hypocysta metirius

Hypocysta pseudirius

Melanitis leda

Mycalesis perseus

Mycalesis sirius

Mycalesis terminus

Oreixenica correae

Oreixenica kershawi

Oriexenica lathoniella

Oreixenica latialis

Oreixenica orichora

Oreixenica ptunarra

Orsotriaena medus

Ypthima arctous



Anisynta cynone

Anisynta monticolae

Anisynta sphenosema

Anisynta tillyardi

Arrhenes dschilus

Croitana arenaria

Herimosa albovenata

Neohesperilla xanthomera

Neohesperilla xiphiphora

Ocybadistes flavovittata

Ocybadistes knightorum

Parnara amalia

Pasma tasmanicus

Pelopidas agna

Proeidosa polysema

Signeta flammeata

Suniana lascivia

Taractrocera anisomorpha

Telicota ancilla

Telicota brachydesma

Toxidia andersoni

Toxidia inornatus

Toxidia parvulus



Pterolocera amplicornis

Anthela acuta

Anthela ocellata

Anthela basigera

Anthela denticulata

Anthela euryphrica

Pamphlebia rubrolimbraria

Elhamma australasiae

Oncopera intricata

Oxycanus antipoda

Bathytricha truncata

Chalciope alcyona

Trigonodes hyppasia

Dasygaster padockina

Leucania stenographa

Metopiora sanguinata

Mythimna convecta

Mythimna reversa

Mythimna separata

Persectania ewingii

Helicoverpa armigera

Helicoverpa punctigera

Heliocheilus cramboides

Heliocheilus eodora

Heliothis punctifera

Proteuxoa sanguinipuncta

Proteuxoa tortisigna

Spodoptera exempta

Spodoptera mauritia

Mocis frugalis

Bradina admixtalis

Cnaphalocrocis medinalis

Cnaphalocrocis poeyalis

Herpetogramma licarsisalis

Ostrinia furnacalis

Parapoynx stagnalis

Scirpophaga innotata

Chilo suppressalis

Philobota agnesella

Philobota chionoptera

Philobota physaula

Philobota productella

Synemon collecta

Ephysteris promptella

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Australian
Australian Butterflies
butterflies
Australian
Australian caterpillars
caterpillars
Australian
Australian Moths
moths

(updated 21 April 2013, 2 June 2018)