Zonoplusia ochreata (Walker, 1865)
Pennywort Cutworm
(one synonym: Plusia cornucopiae Snellen, 1880)
PLUSIINAE,   NOCTUIDAE,   NOCTUOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


caterpillar, with eggs of Euplectrus sp. wasp
Photo: courtesy J. Namee, and S. Bumroongsook,
Department of Plant Production Technology,
King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology, Ladkrabang, Thailand.

The Caterpillars of this species a green loopers with black dots, sparse thin short dark hairs, and a pale brown head. The caterpillars feed on various plants, including

  • Pennywort ( Centella asiatica, APIACEAE ), and
  • Knotweed ( Polygonum species, POLYGONACEAE ).


    (Photo: courtesy of the Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, University of Guelph)

    The adult moths have brown forewings, each with narrow transverse zigzag black-edged white lines, and a vague broad diagonal pale line across the centre of the wing ending in a pale area around the tornus. The hindwings are brown fading to off-white at the bases, with dark veins. The wingspan is about 3 cms.


    (Photo: courtesy of the Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, University of Guelph)

    This species occurs across Asia, including

  • Hong Kong,
  • India,
  • Japan,
  • Philippines,
  • Taiwan,
  • Thailand,

    as well as in Australia in

  • Queensland.


    Further reading

    J. Namee, J. and S. Bumroongsook,
    Development of the Euplectrus sp. near bicolor (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) on Zonoplusia ochreata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
    International Journal of Agricultural Technology,
    Volume 14, Part 1 (2018), pp. 45-51.

    Francis Walker,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera,
    List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
    Part 33, Supplement 3 (1865), p. 839.


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    (written 10 March 2019)