PSYCHIDAE in Australia
Bagworms, Case Moths
TINEOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@yahoo.com)
and
Stella Crossley

PSYCHIDAE

caterpillars
  
PSYCHIDAE

cases
  
PSYCHIDAE

pupae
  
PSYCHIDAE

males
  
PSYCHIDAE

females
  
PSYCHIDAE

undersides

These Caterpillars construct a case around themselves using silk. Most camouflage it with pieces of material from their environment, often characteristically chosen and arranged by that species. They have an anterior hole in the case through which the head and thorax protrude while feeding. They have a posterior hole for excretion. They pupate within their case, generally after securing the front to a twig securely with silk, so that it swings freely. In some species the adult female is wingless, and remains in her case for the male to visit her. She actually lays her eggs in the case.

The caterpillars of the known named species each decorate their cases in a consistent pattern for that species, so it is tempting to ascribe caterpillars with cases that do not conform to these known patterns to other so-far undetermined species.

Some notable members of the 350 Australian named species of PSYCHIDAE are:

  • Archaeoneura amictopis

    Ardiosteres moretonella : Scruffy Case Moth

  • Bathromelas hyaloscopa

    Cebysa leucotelus : Australian Bagmoth

  • Chalia grisea

    Clania ignobilis : Faggot Case Moth
    Clania lewinii : Stick Case Moth

  • Colpotorna lasiopa

    Conoeca guildingi

    Dappula tertius

  • Elinostola agriodes

  • Gyrophylla eumetra

    Hyalarcta huebneri : Leaf Case Moth
    Hyalarcta nigrescens : Ribbed Case Moth
    Hyalarcta species

    Hyaloptila melanosoma

    Iphierga macarista

    Lepidoscia acropolia
    Lepidoscia adelopis
    Lepidoscia annosella
    Lepidoscia arctiella : Tower Case Moth
    Lepidoscia bancrofti
    Lepidoscia basiferana
    Lepidoscia carlotta
    Lepidoscia cataphracta
    Lepidoscia characota
    Lepidoscia chloropetala
    Lepidoscia confluens
    Lepidoscia dicranota
    Lepidoscia euryptera
    Lepidoscia glabrella
    Lepidoscia heliochares
    Lepidoscia irrorea : Mottled Case Moth
    Lepidoscia melitora
    Lepidoscia polymeres
    Lepidoscia protorna
    Lepidoscia punctiferella
    Lepidoscia retinochra
    Lepidoscia stenomochla
    Lepidoscia tetramochla
    Lepidoscia tyrobathra
    Lepidoscia species A : Cone Case Moth
    Lepidoscia species B : Sandy Case Moth
    Lepidoscia species C : One-stick Case Moth
    Lepidoscia species D : Two-stick Case Moth

    Lomera boisduvalii
    Lomera caespitosae
    Lomera lurida
    Lomera species

    Metura aristocosma
    Metura elongatus : Saunders Case Moth
    Metura falcata : Lord Howe Case Moth
    Metura phyllosacca

    Napecoetes belogramma

    Oecobia frauenfeldi

    Oiketicus herrichii : Smooth Case Moth
    Oiketicus species : Two-ways Case Moth

  • Phasmyalea pellucida

    Piestoceros conjunctella

  • Plutorectella abdominalis

    Psychanisa baliodes
    Psychanisa guttata

    Sentica felderi
    Sentica oppositella

    Trigonocyttara clandestina

    PSYCHIDAE caterpillars that decorate their cases with patterns differing from those named species above are illustrated here, in the hope that someone who finds any of these can rear it to get an adult moth which can be identified:-

    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AA
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AC
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AD
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species E
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AF
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AG
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AH
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AI : Bootlace Casemoth
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AJ
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AK
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AL
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AM
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AN : Temple Casemoth
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AO
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AP
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AQ
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AS
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AT : Telephone Casemoth
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AW
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AX : Pipe Casemoth
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AY : Flaky Casemoth
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species AZ
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species BA : Fluffy Casemoth
    Undetermined PSYCHIDAE species BB : Petal Casemoth

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    (updated 2 June 2014, 23 February 2019, 10 November 2019, 15 November 2020, 19 March 2021)