Stenoptilia zophodactylus (Duponchel, [1840])
(one synonym : Pterophorus loewii)
PTEROPHORINAE ,   PTEROPHORIDAE ,   PTEROPHORIOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Debbie Matthews & Stella Crossley

This Caterpillar is reported to feed on the flowers of various members of the family GENTIANACEAE including :

  • Yellow-wort ( Blackstonia perfoliata ),
  • Centaury ( Centaurium erythraea ),
  • Seaside Centaury ( Centaurium littorale ),
  • Branching Centaury ( Centaurium pulchellum ),
  • Centaury ( Centaurium umbellatum ),
  • Charming Centaury ( Centaurium venustum ),
  • Showy Prairie Gentian ( Eustoma russellianum ),
  • Chiltern Gentian ( Gentianella germanica ),
  • Mountain Gentian ( Gentianella diemensis ), and
  • Yellow Gentian ( Gentianella lutea ).

    Stenoptilia zophodactyla
    (Photo: courtesy of Donald Hobern, Aranda, Australian Capital Territory)

    The adult moth is plain brown, and has a wingspan of about 1 cm. The species is found all over the world, including:

  • Gibraltar,
  • Japan,
  • South America,
  • U.K.,
  • U.S.A.,

    and also in Australia, including:

  • Western Australia,
  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Victoria,
  • Tasmania, and
  • South Australia.

    Stenoptilia zophodactyla
    drawing by Philogène Auguste Joseph Duponchel, listed as Pterophorus zophodactylus,

    in J.B. Godart & P.A.J. Duponchel: Tineites, Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de France,
    Volume 11 (1840), Plate CCCXIV, fig. 4,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 30.15, p. 332.

    Philogène Auguste Joseph Duponchel,
    Tineites,
    in J.B. Godart & P.A.J. Duponchel:
    Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de France,
    Volume 11 (1840), p. 668, and also Plate 314, fig. 4.


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    caterpillars
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (updated 31 October 2012)