PYRALIDAE in Australia
Webworms, Meal, Flour, & Frass Moths
PYRALOIDEA
 
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@yahoo.com)
and
Stella Crossley

PYRALIDAE

eggs
  
PYRALIDAE

caterpillars
  
PYRALIDAE

pupae
  
PYRALIDAE

moths
  
PYRALIDAE

undersides

The PYRALIDAE originally included a number of subfamilies which have since been placed in the family CRAMBIDAE. They were first separated out as a distinct group by Munroe in 1972 based on the presence or absence of an organ called the praecinctorium. When present, this is a flimsy bilobed structure lying on the mid-line between medially fused tympanic bullae, and this group were called the Crambiformes. When absent, the tympanic bullae are quite clearly separated, and this group were called the Pyraliformes. Later, the separate groups were elevated to the families CRAMBIDAE and PYRALIDAE, particularly by Hennig.

The prominent members of the 462 named species of the family PYRALIDAE in Australia are here included in the 6 subfamilies :

CHRYSAUGINAE
8 species
ENDOTRICHINAE
29 species
EPIPASCHIINAE
79 species
GALLERIINAE
60 species
PHYCITINAE
253 species
PYRALINAE
34 species

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(updated 15 December 2014, 30 March 2019, 11 April 2019, 10 November 2019, 18 June 2021, 21 April 2022)