PYRALIDAE in Australia
Webworms, Meal, Flour, & Frass Moths
PYRALOIDEA
 
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

PYRALIDAE

caterpillars
  
PYRALIDAE

pupae
  
PYRALIDAE

moths
  
PYRALIDAE

undersides

The PYRALIDAE originally included a number of subfamilies which have since been placed in the family CRAMBIDAE. They were first separated out as a distinct group by Munroe in 1972 based on the presence or absence of an organ called the praecinctorium, which when present is a bilobed flimsy structure lying on the mid-line between medially fused tympanic bullae. When absent, the tympanic bullae are quite clearly separated. The former are the Crambiformes, the latter the Pyraliformes. Later, the separate groups were elevated to the families CRAMBIDAE and PYRALIDAE, particularly by Hennig.

The Australian members of the family PYRALIDAE are included in the subfamilies:

CHRYSAUGINAE (6 species),
ENDOTRICHINAE (28 species),
EPIPASCHIINAE (79 species),
GALLERIINAE (60 species),
PHYCITINAE (253 species), and
PYRALINAE (33 species).

The Caterpillars of PYRALIDAE are very varied in their habits. They are basically a group of concealed feeders, but they also include parasites and aquatic forms.
A key to the caterpillars of pest species in this family has been published.

Some notable members of the 429 named PYRALIDAE species in Australia are:

Achroia grisella : Lesser Wax Moth

Addyme ferrorubella

  • Agastophanes zophoxysta

    Aglossa caprealis : Murky Meal Moth / Fungus Moth / Small Tabby
    Aglossa pinguinalis Grease Moth / Large Tabby

    Amphiderita pyrospila

    Anassodes mesozonalis

  • Antennodes setifera

    Aphomia baryptera

  • Aphomia sociella : Bee Moth

    Arcola malloi : Alligatorweed Stem Borer

    Arescoptera idiotypa

    Arippara disticha

    Asclerobia flavitinctella

    Assara holophragma
    Assara leucarma
    Assara semifictile
    Assara seminivale : Macadamia Kernel Grub
    Assara subarcuella

  • Astrapometis saburalis

    Aurana actiosella

  • Austromusotima camptozonale : Climbing Fern Moth

  • Austropaschia porrigens

  • Axiocrita cataphanes

    Balanomis encyclia

    Berastagia dissolutella

    Cactoblastis cactorum : Prickly Pear Moth

    Cadra cautella : Almond Moth
    Cadra figulilella : Raisin Moth
    Cadra reniformis

    Calguia defiguralis
    Calguia deltophora

    Callionyma sarcodes

  • Canipsa poliochyta

    Cardamyla carinentalis
    Cardamyla didymalis
    Cardamyla eurycroca

    Cathyalia pallicostalis

    Catamola funerea

    Cavipalpia argentilavella

  • Ceutholopha petalocosma

    Comorta zophopleura

    Conobathra hemichlaena

    Corcyra cephalonica : Rice Moth

    Creobota apodectum

    Crocydopora cinigerella

    Cryptoblabes adoceta : Sorghum Head Caterpillar
    Cryptoblabes euraphella
    Cryptoblabes hemigypsa : Macadamia Flower Caterpillar
    Cryptoblabes plagioleuca

    Ctenomeristis almella : Almella Frass Moth

  • Ctenomeristis subfuscella

    Curena caustopa
    Curena externalis

    Doddiana callizona

  • Doloessa hilaropis
    Doloessa ochrociliella
    Doloessa viridis

    Ecbletodes psephenias

    Ecnomoneura sphaerotropha

    Ectomyelois ceratoniae : Carob Moth

    Emmalocera callirrhoda
    Emmalocera latilimbella

    Enchesphora nubilalis
    Enchesphora streptomela

    Endosimilis stilbealis

    Endotricha dispergens
    Endotricha ignealis
    Endotricha melanchroa
    Endotricha mesenterialis
    Endotricha minialis
    Endotricha puncticostalis
    Endotricha pyrosalis

    Ephestia elutella : Tobacco Moth
    Ephestia kuehniella : Mill Moth

    Ephestiopsis oenobarella

    Epicrocis metallopa
    Epicrocis pulchra

    EPIPASCHIINAE species A
    EPIPASCHIINAE species D

    Etiella behrii
    Etiella grisea
    Etiella chrysoporella
    Etiella scitivittalis
    Etiella walsinghamella
    Etiella zinckenella : Lima Bean Pod Borer

    Faveria laiasalis
    Faveria tritalis

    Galleria mellonella : Greater Wax Moth

    Gauna aegusalis

  • Gauna flavibasalis

  • Hednotodes callichroa

    Heosphora erasmia

    Herculia nigrivitta

    Heterochrosis molybdophora

    Heteromicta nigricostella
    Heteromicta ochraceella
    Heteromicta pachytera
    Heteromicta tripartitella

  • Hypargyria metalliferella

  • Hypolophota amydrastis

    Hypsipyla robusta : Cedar Tip Moth

    Hypsopygia mauritialis

    Lacalma albirufalis
    Lacalma ferrealis
    Lacalma mniomima

    Lamoria pachylepidella

  • Larodryas haplocala

    Lasiosticha canilinea
    Lasiosticha opimella

    Macna oppositalis

  • Magiria imparella

    Mampava rhodoneura : Buffel Grass Seed Caterpillar

  • Mecistophylla agramma

    Medaniaria adiacritis

    Melitara dentata : Blue Cactus Borer
    Melitara prodenialis

    Meyriccia latro

    Meyrickiella homosema

    Mimaglossa habitalis
    Mimaglossa nauplialis

    Morosaphycita oculiferella
    Morosaphycita tridens

    Nephopterix melanostyla

    Nyctereutica melanophorella

    Ocrasa acerasta
    Ocrasa albidalis
    Ocrasa chytriodes
    Ocrasa decoloralis

    Oenogenes fugalis

    Orthaga atribasalis
    Orthaga exvinacea
    Orthaga picta
    Orthaga rubridiscalis
    Orthaga seminivea
    Orthaga thyrisalis : Teatree Web Moth

    Paralipsa gularis : Stored Nut Moth

    Persicoptera aglaopa
    Persicoptera compsopa
    Persicoptera iochyta

  • Phycita eulepidella

    Plodia interpunctella : Indian Meal Moth

    Poliopaschia lithochlora : Tube Caterpillar

  • Polyterpnes polyrrhoda

  • Procunea siderea

  • Prosthenia xyloryctella

  • Pseudocera trissosticha

    Ptyobathra atrisquamella

  • Ptyomaxia trigonogramma

    Pyralis farinalis : Meal Moth

    Salma cholica
    Salma ebenina
    Salma marmorea
    Salma nephelodes
    Salma pyrastis

    Scenedra decoratalis

    Spectrotrota fimbrialis

    Stericta carbonalis
    Stericta chloanthes
    Stericta concisella
    Stericta dochmoscia
    Stericta orchidivora
    Stericta prasina

    Symphonistis monospila

    Termioptycha eucarta

    Thalamorrhyncha isoneura

    Tirathaba catharopa
    Tirathaba parasiticus
    Tirathaba pseudocomplana
    Tirathaba rufivena : Greater Coconut Spike Moth

    Titanoceros thermoptera

    Vinicia gypsopa

    Vitessa glaucoptera
    Vitessa zemire

    previous
    back
    family
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    caterpillars
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    family

    (updated 15 December 2014, 9 March 2017)