Salma pyrastis (Meyrick, 1887)
(previously known as Stericta pyrastis)
EPIPASCHIINAE ,   PYRALIDAE ,   PYRALOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Salma pyrastis
(Photo: courtesy of Nick Monaghan, Tewantin, Queensland)

This Caterpillar is buff coloured, with black, white, and yellow stripes along its body, and a pale brown head. The thorax is black with white spots. The body is covered sparsely in short stiff white hairs. It lives and pupates communally in a silken web of leaves and frass on its foodplant. It feeds on :

  • Gum Trees ( Eucalyptus, MYRTACEAE ),

    and grows to a length of about 3 cms.

    Salma pyrastis

    The adult has brown forewings and yellow hind wings. The forewing has a dark tip, and the hind wings have a black scalloped border. It has a wingspan of about 3 cms.

    Salma pyrastis
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    The species is found in eastern Australia, including:

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Victoria,,
  • Tasmania, and
  • South Australia.

    Salma pyrastis
    underside


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, Pl. 8.23, p. 348.

    Edward Meyrick,
    On Pyralidina from Australia and the South Pacific,
    Transactions of The Entomological Society of London,
    1887, pp. 190-191.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 187.


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    (updated 20 April 2010, 8 October 2013)