(one synonym : Antheraea simplex Walker, 1855)
SATURNIIDAE , BOMBYCOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Shane Litherland, Gympie, Queensland)
These Caterpillars are black with brilliant green stripes along and across the body. There is a red tubercle tipped with white spines at every junction of the transverse and longitudinal green stripes.
The caterpillars feed on a variety of trees, including:
The caterpillars pupate usually on plants growing below the food tree in a tough oval cocoon held on a twig by silk threads.
The female and male adult moths differ: The males are yellower, and the females darker and greyer. Originally they were thought to be different species. Both sexes have a brown eyespot on each wing, as well as two dark lines across each fore wing, and a curved dark line across each hind wing. They have a wingspan of about 8 cms.
The species is found in the eastern quarter of Australia, including
Further reading :
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, pl. 15.2, p. 406.
Issue 51, December 2008, pp. 27-29,
Butterfly and Other Invertebrates Club Inc..
Harriet, Helena, and Alexander W. Scott,
Australian Lepidoptera and their Transformations,
Volume 2 (1869), pp. 11-12, and also Plate 13.
Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera,
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
Part 5 (1855), p. 1255, No. 19.
(updated 24 March 2013, 16 June 2014)