Syntherata escarlata Lane, Edwards & Naumann, 2010
SATURNIIDAE ,   BOMBYCOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Syntherata escarlata
(Photo: courtesy of Scott Gavins, Fraser Coast, Queensland)

These Caterpillars are green with red verrucae along the back, with pale yellow setae, and a pale yellow line along each side with purple verrucae.

Syntherata escarlata
(Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Kuranda, Queensland)

The caterpillars have been found feeding on

  • Red Ash ( Alphitonia excelsa, RHAMNACEAE ).

    Syntherata escarlata
    (Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Kuranda, Queensland)

    The caterpillars pupate in round brown stiff cocoons attached to a twig and leaves of its foodplant.

    Syntherata escarlata
    male
    (Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Kuranda, Queensland)

    There is some variation in the coloration of adults of this species. The basic adult moth is yellow with three zig-zag brown lines across each forewing. The forewings also each have a small brown-outlined transparent dot in the middle. The hindwings have two zig-zag brown lines and a submarginal arc of dark spots.

    Syntherata escarlata
    female
    (Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Kuranda, Queensland)

    However, the wings can have large rusty brown areas The moth typically has a wingspan of 11 cms.

    Syntherata escarlata
    eggs, magnified
    (Photo: courtesy of Scott Gavins, Fraser Coast, Queensland)

    The eggs are spheroidal and pale green with a width of about 1 mm. The eggs are laid in untidy groups on a foodplant.

    Syntherata escarlata
    underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Scott Gavins, Fraser Coast, Queensland)

    The species has been found in Australia in

  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann,
    A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
    The European Entomologist,
    Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27, figs. 6, 19, 54-69.


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    (written 12 February 2017, updated 25 February 2017)