Syntherata pseudescarlata Lane, Edwards & Naumann, 2010
SATURNIIDAE,   BOMBYCOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Syntherata pseudescarlata
first instars
Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.

These Caterpillars initially are spiny and green, with a black line along each side,and black markings on the thorax.

Syntherata pseudescarlata
last (fifth) instar
Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.

Mature caterpillars are usually lime green, and have a yellow line along each side, and green tubercles along the back, each with pale green setae. There is also a yellow form of the caterpillars.

Syntherata pseudescarlata
last instar, yellow form
Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.

The caterpillars have been found feeding on

  • Green Plum ( Buchanania obovata, ANACARDIACEAE ),
  • Billy Goat Plum ( Planchonia careya, LECYTHIDACEAE ), and
  • Red Ash ( Alphitonia excelsa, RHAMNACEAE ).

    Syntherata pseudescarlata
    cocoon
    Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
    A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
    The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.

    The cocoon is brown and oval, typically attached to a twig.

    Syntherata pseudescarlata
    male
    Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
    A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
    The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.

    The basic adult moth is yellow with several zig-zag brown lines across each wing. The forewings also each have a brown-outlined transparent spot in the middle. The hindwings each have a dark spot near the middle.

    Syntherata pseudescarlata
    female
    Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
    A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
    The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.

    There is some variation in the coloration of adults of this species. The moth typically has a wingspan of 11 cms.

    Syntherata pseudescarlata
    male, dark form
    Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
    A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
    The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.

    The species has been found in Australia in

  • Queensland.

    Syntherata pseudescarlata
    female, pale form
    Photo: courtesy of David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann, from
    A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
    The European Entomologist, Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27.


    Further reading :

    David A. Lane, (Ted) E.D. Edwards, & Stefan Naumann,
    A revision of the genus Syntherata Maasen, 1873 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) within Australia, with the description of three new species, and descriptions of their life histories,
    The European Entomologist,
    Volume 3, Part 1 (2010), pp. 21-27, figs. 21, 75-78, 86-93.


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    caterpillars
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (written 12 February 2017, updated 13 January 2018)