Acosmeryx anceus (Stoll, 1781)
(one synonym : Zonilia mixtura Walker, 1865)
MACROGLOSSINAE ,   SPHINGIDAE ,   BOMBYCOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


young instar
(Photo: courtesy of Tom and David Sleep, Queensland)

The young caterpillars of this species are green with a forward curving tail horn. Later the caterpillars develop pale diagonal stripes along the sides, and the pointed horn on the tail curves backwards and often is not tapered. They differ from Caterpillars of many other SPHINGIDAE species in having no eye-spots.


later instar
(Photo: courtesy of Tom and David Sleep, Brisbane, Queensland)

They feed on various species of VITACEAE :

  • Slender Grape ( Cayratia clematidea ),
  • Kangaroo Vine ( Cissus antarctica ), and
  • Cultivated Grape ( Vitis vinifera ).


    (Photo: courtesy of Tom and David Sleep, Brisbane, Queensland)

    The pupa is plain dark brown.


    (Photo: courtesy of Scott Gavins, Fraser Coast, Queensland)

    The adult moths of this species are usually brown, with forewings that each have a general blotchy light and dark pattern, and an outlined pale spot near the centre. The forewings each have an indentation at the wingtip. The moths have a wingspan of about 8 cms.


    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    The undersides are similar to the upper surfaces.


    showing underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Scott Gavins, Fraser Coast, Queensland)

    The eggs are green and spherical, and laid singly on a leaf of a foodplant.


    an egg
    (Photo: courtesy of Tom and David Sleep, Brisbane)

    The species is found as various subspecies across south-east Asia, including :

  • Borneo,
  • Hong Kong,
  • India,
  • Papua,
  • Philippines,

    as well as in Australia in

  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland ,
  • New South Wales, and
  • Victoria.


    drawing by Caspar Stoll,

    Papillons exotiques, De uitlandsche kapellen, voorkomende in de drie waereld,
    Volume 4 (1782), Plate CCCLV, fig. A,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 41.6, p. 413.

    Caspar Stoll,
    Papillons exotiques,
    in Pieter Cramer:
    De uitlandsche kapellen, voorkomende in de drie waereld,
    Volume 4 (1782), p. 124, and also Plate 355, fig. A.

    Peter Hendry,
    A Night at Ray's,
    Metamorphosis Australia,
    Issue 57 (June 2010), pp. 30-32,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.

    Wesley Jenkinson,
    Moths photographed at Obum Obum,
    Metamorphosis Australia,
    Issue 73 (June 2014), p. 31,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 196.


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    (updated 2 May 2011, 9 February 2015, 28 February 2016, 28 May 2017)