Gabi Moth, Vine Hawk Moth
(one synonym : Elpenor phoenix Oken, 1815)
MACROGLOSSINAE , SPHINGIDAE , BOMBYCOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Jon Rose)
This Caterpillar occurs world-wide. It can occur in several different colour forms: green, brown, red or dark grey. It usually has an eyespot each side of the first and second abdominal segments, those on the first segment being larger.
The first and larger eyespot is usually black with a pale ringed outline, and contains four pale spots. There are variable cryptic stripes and bands along the rest of the body. The caterpillar has a tailhorn curved slightly backwards which tapers to a point.
In the tropics, it is a pest on
It also feeds on many other ornamental plants and crops, including :
When disturbed, the caterpillar curls into the shape of a letter 'C', tucks its head under its thorax, and expands the segments with the eyespots. No doubt these distract and deter possible predators.
It pupates in a shelter made from debris on the ground, the pupa having a length of about 5 cms.
empty pupa and pupal shelter
(Photos: courtesy of Ted Cadwallader)
The adult moth has striped brown and white forewings, red hind wings, and a long tongue, with which it can suck nectar from flowers while hovering in front of them. It has a wingspan of about 6 cms.
(Photo: courtesy of Otto Rogge Photography)
The pheromones of this species have been identified. The moth is agriculturally important as it is one of several species largely responsible for the pollination of Papaya ( Chamaedorea tepejilote ).
The species occurs worldwide, eg: in
as well as in Australia including
Further reading :
Butterflies and Moths,
Collins Eyewitness Handbooks, Sydney 1992, p. 245.
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, pp. 67, 412.
Volume 1, Edition 10 (1760), Class 5, Part 3, p. 491.
Moths of Victoria - Part 1,
Silk Moths and Allies - BOMBYCOIDEA,
Entomological Society of Victoria, 2008, pp. 28-29.
Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 201.
(updated 7 April 2013, 29 April 2016)