Coenotes eremophilae (T.P.Lucas, 1891)
(one synonym : Protoparce minimus Miskin, 1891)
SMERINTHINAE ,   SPHINGIDAE ,   BOMBYCOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
( donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Coenotes eremophilae
(Photo: courtesy of John Collins, Kimberley)

The Caterpillars of this species are black with a white stripe along each side, a yellow dorsal stripe, lots of little pale dots, and a row of orange spiracles along each side. On the tail, they have an entirely black curved horn. They feed for preference on plants from the familiy MYOPORACEAE such as :

  • Bowman's Fuchsia Bush ( Eremophila bowmanii ),
  • Rock Fuchsia Bush ( Eremophila freelingii ),
  • Warty Fuchsia Bush, ( Eremophila latrobei ),
  • Emu Bush, ( Eremophila longifolia ),
  • Turpentine Bush ( Eremophila sturtii ),
  • Budda ( Eremophila mitchellii ),
  • Ellangowan ( Myoporum deserti ), and
  • Boobialla ( Myoporum montanum ),

    but also have been found on a variety of other plants, including :

  • Currant Bush ( Carissa lanceolata, APOCYNACEAE ),
  • Helicopter Tree ( Gyrocarpus americanus, HERNANDIACEAE ),
  • Mint Bush ( Prostanthera striatiflora, LAMIACEAE ),
  • Yellow Hibiscus ( Hibiscus panduriformis, MALVACEAE ),
  • Mimosa Bush ( Acacia farnesitana, MIMOSACEAE ),
  • Sesame ( Sesamum indicum, PEDALIACEAE ),
  • Sweet Quandong ( Santalum acuminatum, SANTALACEAE ),
  • Corkwood ( Duboisia myoporoides , SOLANACEAE ), and
  • Lolly Bush ( Clerodendrum floribundum, VERBENACEAE ).

    Coenotes eremophilae
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    The adult moths of this species have very boring fawn wings, and a pattern of diagonal and transverse dark marks on the abdomen. They have a wingspan of about 5 cms.

    The species is found over the inland northern half of Australia, including:

  • Western Australia,
  • Northern Territory, and
  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 40.7, p. 411.


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    (updated 2 December 2009, 1 November 2013)