(previously known as Macroglossa hirundo)
MACROGLOSSINAE , SPHINGIDAE , BOMBYCOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Tom and David Sleep, Queensland))
The caterpillars of this species initially are green with a black forward curving spine on the tail.
Later they can become brown or green, covered in small white dots. There is a dark dorsal line which may be fragmented into a line of dashes. A pair of pale dorso-lateral lines run from the head to the tail. They also have a dark brown spine on the tail (which is quite harmless). They grow to a length of about 6 cms.
They feed on various members of the RUBIACEAE family, including :
The pupa is brown with a row of black spots along each side.
The adult moths have patterned grey or brown forewings, with a pale bar across the middle of each one. The hindwings are yellow with a broad black border. The moth has a wingspan of about 4 cms.
The eggs are spherical and off-white. They are laid singly under the leaf of a foodplant.
The species is found as various subspecies in:
and as the subspecies errans Walker, 1856, in Australia in
Further reading :
Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Dechauffour de Boisduval,
Faune Entomologique de L'Ocean Pacifique,
Voyage de Decouvertes de la Corvette l'Astrolabe,
Division 7, Part 1 : Lepidopteres (1832), pp. 188-189.
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, pl. 16.3, p. 413.
Lepidoptera Heterocera: Sphingidae,
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
Part 8 (1856), p. 96, No. 20.
(updated 12 September 2011, 3 March 2015)