Hippotion rosetta (Swinhoe, 1892)
(one synonym : Hippotion depictum Dupont, 1941)
MACROGLOSSINAE ,   SPHINGIDAE ,   BOMBYCOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


(Photo: courtesy of Tom and David Sleep, Queensland)

This caterpillar is either green or brown, and has a short white-tipped spike on the tail. It has two white stripes on the head and tail, the latter often joining to form a loop.


(Photo: courtesy of Cameron Dunbar, Daley Water, Northern Territory)

The first abdominal segment has an eyespot that has a black centre with some white dots in it. The other abdominal segments have a series of diminishing smaller eyespots that are white and brown.


(Photo: courtesy of Cameron Dunbar, Daley Water, Northern Territory)

The caterpillar has been found feeding on various herbaceous plants, including

  • Noni ( Morinda citrifolia, RUBIACEAE ), and
  • Star Flower ( Pentas lanceolata, RUBIACEAE ).


    (Photo: courtesy of David and Tom Sleep, Queensland)

    The caterpillar grows to a length up to 7 cms. The pupa is silvery brown, with a row of black spots along each side.


    (Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, Kuranda, Queensland)

    The adult moths have brown banded forewings, and red hindwings with brown margins. The wingspan is about 6 cms.


    (Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

    This species occurs over south-east Asia, including

  • Borneo,
  • China,
  • Hawaii,
  • Hong Kong,
  • Philippines,
  • Thailand,

    and in Australia, including:

  • Northern Territory, and
  • Queensland.


    underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)


    Further reading :

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 201.

    Charles Swinhoe,
    Sphinges and Bombyces,
    Catalogue of eastern and Australian Lepidoptera Heterocera in the collection of the Oxford University Museum,
    Clarendon Press, Part 1 (1892), pp. 16-17, No. 65.


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    (updated 7 November 2011, 28 April 2014, 31 December 2015)