SPHINGIDAE of Australia
Hawk Moths
BOMBYCOIDEA
 
  
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@yahoo.com)
and
Stella Crossley

SPHINGIDAE

eggs
  
SPHINGIDAE

caterpillars
  
SPHINGIDAE

pupae
  
SPHINGIDAE

moths
  
SPHINGIDAE

undersides
  
SPHINGIDAE

forewings

The SPHINGIDAE are called Hawk Moths because they can fly very fast, and can also hover in flight. They use this latter ability to sip nectar from flowers using their long haustellum (tongue), when they fly in the evening. They are large moths with long narrow forewings, and smaller hindwings. When at rest, they hold their wings over the body like a tent.

Some common species of the 87 named species of SPHINGIDAE occurring in Australia are:

Acosmeryx anceus
Acosmeryx cinnamomea
Acosmeryx miskini : Miskin's Hawk Moth

Agrius convolvuli : Convolvulus Hawk Moth
Agrius godarti : Godart's Hawk Moth

Ambulyx dohertyi : Doherty's Hawk Moth
Ambulyx wildei : Wilde's Hawk Moth

Amplypterus panopus : Mango Hawk Moth

Angonyx papuana

Cephonodes australis : Australian Coffee Hawk Moth
Cephonodes cunninghami : Cunningham's Bee Hawk
Cephonodes janus : Janus Bee Hawk
Cephonodes kingii : Gardenia Hawk Moth

Cerberonoton severina

Chelacnema ochra

Cizara ardeniae : Coprosma Hawk Moth

Coenotes arida
Coenotes eremophilae

Coequosa australasiae : Triangle Hawk Moth
Coequosa triangularis : Double-headed Hawk Moth

Daphnis dohertyi
Daphnis moorei : Moore's Hawk Moth
Daphnis placida
Daphnis protrudens

Eupanacra splendens

Gnathothlibus australiensis
Gnathothlibus eras : White-brow Hawk Moth

Hippotion boerhaviae
Hippotion brennus
Hippotion celerio : Vine Hawk Moth
Hippotion johanna
Hippotion rosetta
Hippotion scrofa : Coprosma Hawk Moth
Hippotion velox

Hopliocnema brachycera : Desert Hawk Moth
Hopliocnema lacunosa

Hyles livornicoides : Australian Striped Hawk Moth

Imber tropicus

Leucomonia bethia

Macroglossum alcedo
Macroglossum corythus
Macroglossum dohertyi
Macroglossum errans : Australian Hummingbird Hawkmoth
Macroglossum joannisi : Joannis' Hawk Moth
Macroglossum micacea
Macroglossum nubilum
Macroglossum papuanum
Macroglossum prometheus

  • Macroglossum queenslandi
    Macroglossum rectans
    Macroglossum tenebrosa
    Macroglossum vacillans

    Nephele hespera
    Nephele subvaria

    Pseudangonyx excellens

    Psilogramma argos : Argos Hawk Moth
    Psilogramma casuarinae : Southern Privet Hawk Moth
    Psilogramma exigua
    Psilogramma maxmouldsi : Max's Hawk Moth
    Psilogramma menephron
    Psilogramma papuensis

  • Psilogramma penumbra

    Synoecha marmorata

    Tetrachroa edwardsi

    Theretra celata
    Theretra indistincta
    Theretra inornata
    Theretra latreillii Latreille's Hawk Moth
    Theretra margarita
    Theretra nessus : Yam Hawk Moth
    Theretra oldenlandiae : Impatiens Hawk Moth
    Theretra queenslandi
    Theretra silhetensis : Brown-banded Hunter Hawkmoth
    Theretra tryoni
    Theretra turneri Turner's Hawk Moth

    Zacria vojtechi : Vojtěch's Hawk Moth


    Further reading:

       Max S. Moulds, James P. Tuttle and David Lane.
    Hawkmoths of Australia,
    Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera Series, Volume 13


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    (updated 31 May 2014, 6 November 2018, 3 May 2019, 4 May 2020)

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