Antigastra catalaunalis (Duponchel, 1833)
Sesame Leaf-roller
(one synonym : Botys venosalis Walker, 1866)
SPILOMELINAE ,   CRAMBIDAE ,   PYRALOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Bart Hacobian & Stella Crossley


drawing by Harold Maxwell-Lefroy
,
Indian Insect Life: a Manual of the Insects of the Plains, 1909, Plate LI,
image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by NCSU Libraries.

This Caterpillar is green with black spots and sparse short hairs. The head is small and brown and wedge shaped. The caterpillar is a worldwide pest. It attacks

  • Sesame ( Sesamum indicum, PEDALIACEAE )

    and has been recorded on other plants including

  • Snapdragons ( Antirrhinum majus ), and
  • Toadflax ( Linaria vulgaris )

    both in PLANTAGINACEAE.

    These caterpillars make shelter by rolling up young leaves and webbing them together with silk. They feed inside their shelter.


    The adult moth is brown with darker veins in the wings separating many narrow transparent windows. The forewings each have two or three dark reddish splotches. The moth has a wingspan of about 2 cms.


    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The species occurs in :

  • Costa Rica,
  • Hong Kong,
  • India,
  • Iran,
  • Japan, and
  • United Kingdom,

    as well as in Australia in

  • Western Australia,
  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland, and
  • New South Wales.


    female, drawing by P.A.J. Duponchel, listed as Botys catalaunalis
    ,
    in J.B. Godart & P.A.J. Duponchel: Pyralites, Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de France,
    Volume 8, Part 2 (1831), Plate CCXXXII, fig. 8,
    Image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, p. 355.

    Philogène Auguste Joseph Duponchel,
    Tribe VI Pyralites,
    in J.B. Godart & P.A.J. Duponchel:
    Histoire naturelle des Lépidoptères ou Papillons de France,
    Volume 8, Part 2 (1831), p. 330, and Plate 232, fig. 8.


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    (updated 3 January 2013, 2 November 2015)