Striglina scitaria (Walker, 1862)
Daincha Leaf Webber
(formerly known as Drepanodes scitaria)
STRIGLININAE ,   THYRIDIDAE ,   THYRIDOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Striglina scitaria
drawing by Pieter C. T. Snellen, listed as Homodes thermesioides
,
Heterocera op Java, Tijdschrift voor Entomologie,
Volume 20 (1877), Plate 2, fig. 15a,
image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.

The Caterpillars of this species live in a shelter consisting of a rolled leaflets of its foodplant. The caterpillars have been found feeding on

  • Fleshy Ragweed ( Kleinia grandiflora, ASTERACEAE ),
  • Buttercup Bush ( Senna corymbosa, CAESALPINIACEAE ),
  • Rangoon Creeper ( Combretum indicmu, COMBRETACEAE ), and
  • Daincha ( Sesbania bispinosa, FABACEAE ).

    The adult moths are orange with a faint intricate dark tracery on, and a dark line across, each wing. The forewings each have several dark spots along the costa. The forewings each have a slightly hooked wingtip, and the hindwings each have a slightly pointed tornus. The wingspan is about 3 cms.

    Striglina scitaria
    undersides of wings, drawing by Pieter C. T. Snellen, listed as Homodes thermesioides
    ,
    Heterocera op Java, Tijdschrift voor Entomologie,
    Volume 20 (1877), Plate 2, fig. 15a,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.

    The species has been found as various subspecies across south-east Asia and the south-west Pacific, including

  • India,
  • Sri Lanka,
  • Sulawesi,
  • Sumatra,

    and Australia in

  • Western Australia, and
  • Northern Territory.


    Further reading :

    Pieter Cornelius Tobias Snellen,
    Heterocera op Java,
    Tijdschrift voor Entomologie,
    Volume 20 (1877), pp. 28-29, and also Plate 2, figs. 15a, 15b, 15c.

    Francis Walker,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera. Pyralides,
    List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
    Part 26 (1862), pp. 1488-1489.


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    (updated 12 February 2010, 2 March 2016)