Erechthias mystacinella (Walker, 1864)
Curve-winged Apple Moth
(previously known as Mocomedica mystacinella)
ERECHTHIINAE ,   TINEIDAE ,   TINEOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Erechthias mystacinella
drawing by C. French, Handbook of the Destructive Insects of Victoria,
Victorian Department of Agriculture, Melbourne, 1891, Plate III,
image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.

These Caterpillars are pale green have been found feeding and living inside galls and damaged stems caused by :

  • the rust fungus Uromycladium tepperianum ( UREDINALES ), and
  • the fly Cecidomyia acaciaelongifoliae ( CECIDOMYIDAE ),
  • the Woolly Apple Louse ( Schizoneura lanigera, CECIDOMYIDAE ).

    on various shrubs and trees including :

  • Apples ( Malus domestica, ROSACEAE ).
  • Silver Wattle ( Acacia dealbata, MIMOSACEAE ), and
  • Blackwood ( Acacia melanoxylon, MIMOSACEAE ).

    Erechthias mystacinella
    (Photo: courtesy of Donald Hobern, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory)

    The adult moth is pale with sparse dark markings, especially along the inner margins of the forewings. The hindwings have wide hairy fringes. The wings are curved. The antennae are nearly as long as the forewings. The wingspan is about 1.4 cms.

    Erechthias mystacinella
    drawing by C. French, Handbook of the Destructive Insects of Victoria,
    Victorian Department of Agriculture, Melbourne, 1891, Plate III,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.

    The species has been found in :

  • Queensland,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Victoria, and
  • Tasmania.


    Further reading :

    Richard Bashford,
    The insect complex inhabiting galls formed by Cecidomyia acaciaelongifoliae Skuse (Diptera: CECIDOMYIIDAE) on Blackwood (Acacia melanoxylon) in Tasmania,
    The Australian Entomologist, Volume 33, Part 1 (March 2006), pp. 1-4.

    Richard Bashford,
    The insect fauna inhabiting Uromycladium (Uredinales) rust galls on Silver Wattle (Acacia dealbata) in Tasmania,
    The Australian Entomologist,
    Volume 29, Part 3 (September 2002), pp. 81-95.

    C. French,
    Handbook of the Destructive Insects of Victoria,
    Victorian Department of Agriculture, Melbourne,
    1891, pp. 57-59, and also Plate 3.

    Gaden S. Robinson & Ebbe S. Nielsen,
    Tineid Genera of Australia,
    Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera Volume 2,
    CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 1993, pp. ix,x,10,246-252,263,279.

    Francis Walker,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera,
    List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
    Part 30 (1864), pp. 1006-1007.


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    (updated 3 February 2009)