Europlema semibrunnea (Pagenstecher, 1884)
(formerly known as Erosia semibrunnea)
EPIPLEMINAE ,   URANIIDAE ,   GEOMETROIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Europlema semibrunnea
electronically repaired
(Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

This Caterpillar is green with a thin dark dorsal line, and a white lateral line each side. The head is dark yellow. The caterpillar has been found feeding on

  • Premna species, ( VERBENACEAE ).

    The adult moths have white wings, with striking black and brown markings. The hindwings each have two small triangular tails. In its natural resting posture, it is inclined to fold up the hindwings against the abdomen, and each forewing up to the costa, making a 'T' shape. The wingspan is about 2 cms.

    The species has been found across eastern Asia, including

  • Indonesia,
  • Japan,
  • New Guinea,
  • Taiwan,

    and also Australia, in

  • Queensland.


    Further reading

    Arnold Pagenstecher,
    Beiträge zur Lepidopteren-Fauna von Amboina,
    Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde,
    Volume 37 (1884), p. 258.

    Satoru Tominaga,
    The larvae and their food plants of Striglina oceanica Thyrididae, Europlema semibrunnea Epiplemidae and Ethmia nigroapicella Ethmiidae in Okinawa,
    Yugato,
    20 December 1999, 158, pp. 107-108.


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    (written 4 November 2014)