Cryptophasa bipunctata Scott, 1864
XYLORYCTIDAE ,   GELECHIOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


drawing by Harriet and Helena Scott
,
Australian Lepidoptera, Volume 1 (1864), Plate 3,
image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Australian Museum.

This Caterpillar is off-white with a red head and red tail plate. The caterpillar bores a hole into the branch of a tree and leaves a mess of frass and silk from the borehole entrance. The caterpillar has been found feeding on various trees, including :

  • Old Man Banksia ( Banksia serrata, PROTEACEAE ).

    The caterpillars grow to a length up th 5 cms. The caterpillars pupate in their borehole.


    drawing by Harriet and Helena Scott
    ,
    Australian Lepidoptera, Volume 1 (1864), Plate 3,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Australian Museum..

    The adult moth has white wings each with a black dot near the middle. The abdomen is pale yellow with black rings. The wingspan of the males is about 4 cms. The wingspan of the females is up to 8 cms.

    The species has been found in :

  • New South Wales.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby and Penny Olsen.
    A Flutter of Butterflies,
    National Library of Australia, 2011, p. 98.

    Ian McMillan,
    Cryptophasa bipunctata, Xyloryctine Moths of Australia,
    Blog, Friday, September 17, 201.

    Harriet, Helena, and Alexander W. Scott,
    Australian Lepidoptera,
    Australian Lepidoptera and their Transformations,
    Volume 1 (1864), p. 9, and also Plate 3.


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    (written 19 June 2014)