These Caterpillars are generally small and hairless. Many feed on ground litter or dead leaves. Some bear cases, some live in the soil, and some live in shelters made joining leaves together with silk.
The family XYLORYCTIDAE was considered to be a subfamily of OECOPHORIDAE by Nielsen et al., but here following the later book A Guide to Australian Moths by Zborowski & Edwards we have listed that as a separate family.
The remaining named species of OECOPHORIDAE represented in Australia (approximately 2,158 in number) are here listed in the subfamilies and groups:
about 2,102 species
with the OECOPHORINAE divided into six groups:-
(updated 27 June 2013, 17 July 2023)